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專升本英語詞匯:反身代詞和指示代詞-成人高考復習資料!

2019-5-4  來源:四川成人高考網 點擊:

       一、反身代詞
  
  英語中有下列反身代詞:
  
  反身代詞在句子中可以作賓語、表語、同位語等。如:
  
  Please help yourself to some tea。(賓語)
  
  The boy is too young to look after himself。(賓語)
  
  Ill be myself again in no time。(表語)
  
  The desk itself is not so heavy. (同位語)
  
  I fixed the door myself. (同位語)
  
  二、指示代詞
  
  指示代詞包括this, that, these, those 和such,在句子中可以作主語、定語、表語、賓語等(such不作賓語)。
  
  that和those有時分別用來代表前面提到的不可數名詞和名詞復數,以避免重復。而可數名詞單數往往用the one 或that one 來代替。用the one 的時候更多一些。如:
  
  These machines are better than those we turned out last year. 生產
  
  The oil output of this year is much higher than that of last year. 產量
  
  The best wine is that from France。
  
  My room is lighter than the one next door。
  
  Ill take the seat next to the one by the window。
  
  The film is more funny than that one。
  
  that 可以指上面提到的事情,this指下面要談的事情。如:
  
  They have no time to read the books. Thats their trouble。
  
  She was ill yesterday. Thats why she was absent。
  
  I want to know this: How much money we have left?
  
  What I want to say is this: Pronunciation is very important in learning English。
  
  this 和that 有時還可以用來表示程度。如:
  
  I dont want that much。
  
  He is not that wise。
  
  The book is about this thick。
  
  有些固定詞組中的名詞前不加冠詞。
  
  at noon at night at dawn at midnight in the morning
  
  in the afternoon in the evening in the daytime in town
  
  in front of (at the back of) at distance (in the distance)
  
  as a whole on the whole to catch cold to have a cold
  
  代 詞(2-2~3-3)
  
  包括
  
  人稱代詞、物主代詞、反身代詞、指示代詞、疑問代詞、關系代詞、不定代詞及其用法。
  
  人稱代詞
  
  人稱代詞有第一、第二、第三人稱和單數、復數之分,在句子中可以作主語和賓
  
  語。英語中有下列人稱代詞:
  
  在并列的主語或賓語中,I或me 通常放在后面。如:
  
  Liping I are in charge of the work。
  
  My farther asks my sister me to have dinner with him tomorrow。
  
  物主代詞
  
  物主代詞有形容詞型與名詞型之分。形容詞型物主代詞在句子中作定語,名詞型物主代詞在句子中主要作主語、賓語、表語、定語(接在of 后面)。英語中有下列物主代詞:
  
  名詞型的物主代詞相當于形容詞型的物主代詞加上上文出現的名詞。如:
  
  My bag is yellow, his(his bag) is black theirs(their bags) are brown。

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